The historic walled city of Jaipur just got inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Jaipur bagged the honor at the 43rd session of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee meeting on 6 July 2019. With this, Jaipur becomes the 38th site in India to get the UNESCO World Heritage Status. It’s now the second Indian city to earn the title. Last year, the Walled City of Ahmedabad became the first Indian city to win the UNESCO World Heritage Status.
What is a world heritage site?
A World Heritage Site is a location having an “Outstanding Universal Value”. According to the World Heritage Convention’s Operational Guidelines, an Outstanding Universal Value signifies “cultural and/or natural significance which is so exceptional as to transcend national boundaries and to be of common importance for present and future generations of all humanity.”
The Sites fall into three categories: cultural heritage, natural heritage, and mixed heritage (cultural as well as natural). Cultural heritage entails an Outstanding Universal Value from the point of view of history, art or science, and includes monuments, groups of buildings, and sites which are the combined work of nature and human agency. Examples include the Taj Mahal, the Statue of Liberty, and the Sydney Opera House. The Sites under natural heritage are those having an Outstanding Universal Value from the point of view of science, conservation or natural beauty, such as the Sundarbans Natural Park or the Victoria Falls.